12 :: Venetian Galley with Lateen Rigging

Galley or cog, this is indeed a Venetian vessel. She is recognizable by the ram, remembered from the Græco-Roman rostrum, by the castles, ill-fitted to the hull, by the rudimentary ratlines, in typical “rope-ladder” style, by the pitch of the masts, and by the pervasiveness of lateen sails.

 

These are singularly well adapted to the changing winds of the Mediterranean and to coastal navigation. The square sail, for her part, is better suited to regular following winds and to high sea sailing.