16 :: Flemish Carrack (ca. 1500)

In pith and substance, the carrack is a merchant vessel, though armed. It usually bears three masts, though a fourth is sometimes added, a counter mizzen the English call bonaventure.

When the Flemish carrack (the Kraeck) appeared in 1470, a frame surmounted the two-decked aft castle, over which tarpaulins and nets could be drawn for protection. This is especially well rendered by Lecouvie. Gun ports and guy lines fastened to outside chainplates are other features first seen on carracks.


The Grande Hermine is believed to have been a carrack.