18 :: Matthew (1490)

John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) sailed from Bristol, England, in May 1497, aboard this type of 34 m carrack. With 20 companions, he was authorized to sail West to search for new land, other than that already discovered by the Spanish.


On June 24, he sighted land at what is believed to be Cape Breton. He gave his name to the “Cabot Strait,” the passage between Newfoundland and Cape Breton Island. Matthew later sailed along the European coast.


Under the mast pointing forward, the bowsprit, the craftsman carefully placed the spritsail yard, holding a sail very useful to evolutions.