30 :: Brigantine (early 18th century)

The brigantine is a descendant of the galley, though it quickly lost those characteristics. The term actually designates a two-master whose foremast holds square sails and the mainmast the forerunner of the lug sail, the spanker. This sail, held in a loose rope net, could be “stricken,” i.e. folded more or less rapidly along the mast by pulling on lines from the deck.


Small variants in rigging, such as a square sail at the top of the mainmast, or a topsail or counter-spanker above the spanker, brought innumerable types of brigantine and names to call them: brig, schooner brig, bomb ketch, xebeck, topsail schooner brig, etc. An economy ship, as it requires only a small crew.